We often hear stories of the people who was able to retire in their 30s and are so envious of their situation.
They must have rich parents or high income earner. How close to the truth is that?
We have a group of individuals who may be able to retire early or be financially independent. The idea of being financially independent is that they amassed wealth machine(s) that create adequate wealth cash flow to pay for their current annual expenses for a large part of their lives.
There are Upper Quartile Young Earners
As a society, some of us deliberately choose, or accidentally fell into profession where, from a young age we earned a much better income then our peers.
Some professions I can think of are STEM trained individuals (STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths) or the young workers working in finance areas.
Largely in Singapore, groups of young civil servants can quickly have their pay stepped up to SG$80,000/yr at a young age.
These folks, if they control what they want in life, optimize their expenses, choose to start building wealth, continue to maximize their income at their job are the ideal candidates to earn $1 million by age 40.
With $1 million, it creates different options for them.
The Maths Behind
We could simulate this with our Wealth Calculator, which I talked about in my Wealthy Forumla article.
In our simulation here, we have the following scenario
- Start working at age 25. Stay single and choses to not to get a dwelling
- Assuming he is privileged to start off with a high salary relatively.
- Aggressively in putting a large part of his income to his wealth machine. He will funnel 80% of his initial disposable income of $5,000 with 2 month’s bonus to building wealth. Subsequently 20% of his annual increment of 3% will go to building wealth.
- Learn to Build Wealth Wisely. He decides to quarterly invest in an active portfolio of stock and bond exchange traded fund, growing his wealth at 6%.
- Start Wealth Building Early. He decides to start building out of university and will have 15 years till age 40 to build wealth.
How much Wealth is Built Up
At the end of 15 years, he would have accumulate a portfolio wealth of $1.1 mil.
He funded nearly $45,000 of his first year $56,000 salary (look under Wealth Funding Total). At the end of the 15 years, his wealth funding only increase by $5,000 more.
The reward for this chap is that at this point, with a safe withdrawal rate of 3% per year, he would have $32,654/yr or $2,737/mth in wealth cash flow, which is more or less equal to his current annual expenses at age 40 (look under Leftover for Spending Allocation column).
3% looks conservative, but if you want the amount to conservatively last through a volatile stock market cycle, you would want a lower withdrawal rate.
40 Years old is young enough to choose how life goes
What this means is that at 40, this guy is young enough to make a profession decision that will more likely satisfy him.
He could have choose to find love then.
He can choose to start a business with the knowledge he has accumulated up till then.
Could you live on $11,200 per year?
A common question readers will have is how can anyone survive on such a low amount per year?
This will work out to $933/mth in expenses.
How one decides to live is a matter of where their values and priorities lie.
Different people have different values and a person like that may be sacrificing much (you can’t earn back time), but that is his or her choice.
$933 is a sum that you can work with, you have to optimize your spending.
And at the end of the 15 years his allocation to spending actually increased to $34,000/yr.
What if you are not as Privileged to Start off with Such High Income?
When you read this, you may tell me:
Kyith, my situation is not like this, this isn’t helpful at all!
And my answer to you is that yes you are right but this is helpful.
Whenever we hear stories or account of people able to do this, we tend to be dismissive about it. The reason is that we are afraid we would not be able to reach the level they reached.
So we used this as a coping mechanism.
You cannot run away from this maths.
And I didn’t earn this amount of income when I started off, even if I can considered to be in the STEM field. I failed miserably in my career by my own benchmark.
And I did not reach $1 million (3 years away, I don’t think conservatively it could be reached)
- You might not need $1 million to provide optionality. Optionality can be secured with $150,000 if all you cared about is feeding yourself $750mth or $9,000/yr. This could take you about 3 years and you could use a portfolio of 3-5 real estate investment trust (REITs) that provide a dividend yield of 6%. You could experiment with life much earlier instead of 15 years.
- Your expenses could be less. Your parents do not need your allowance and are perfectly Ok with you being responsible and saving up for it. They help provide for home telecommunications, and 2 meals. You do not have to pay rental and your expenses could even be lower.
- You are an investing or trading wizard. You can achieve a 20% compounded return for the next 5 years, you could vary your savings rate
- You married right. Your spouse gets the upside of having wealth machines and is able to double down with you. Your combine expenses is less than the individual
No one lives the same kind of life.
Yet if the end result is to be financially less stress, free, or the secure feeling, we all could achieve it in our own terms.